Laravel 11 Has Many Through Relationship |
Laravel 11 Has Many Through Relationship |

Laravel 11 Has Many Through Relationship


Laravel, a popular PHP framework, continues to evolve with each new version, introducing features that make developers’ lives easier. In Laravel 11, one such feature is the “Has Many Through” relationship, which provides a convenient way to define relationships between models. In this article, we’ll delve into what the Has Many Through relationship is, how it works, and provide practical examples to help you understand it better.

Understanding Has Many Through Relationship: The Has Many Through relationship allows you to define relationships between three models. It’s particularly useful when you have a scenario where one model belongs to another through a intermediate model.

For instance, consider a scenario where you have three models: User, Role, and Permission. Users can have multiple roles, and each role can have multiple permissions. In this case, the User model has many permissions through its roles.

Setting up Models and Database: Let’s start by setting up our models and their corresponding database tables. We’ll assume you have a basic understanding of Laravel and have already set up your database connection.

User Model:

class User extends Model {
public function roles() {
return $this->hasMany(Role::class);

public function permissions() {
return $this->hasManyThrough(Permission::class, Role::class);

Role Model:

class Role extends Model {
public function permissions() {
return $this->hasMany(Permission::class);

Permission Model:

class Permission extends Model {
// Define any relevant relationships or attributes here

Database Tables:

  • users (id, name, email, …)
  • roles (id, name, …)
  • permissions (id, name, role_id)

Defining Relationships: In the User model, we define two relationships: roles() and permissions(). The roles() method returns the user’s roles using Laravel’s hasMany() relationship. The permissions() method defines the Has Many Through relationship, allowing us to retrieve the user’s permissions through their roles.

Using the Has Many Through Relationship: Now that we’ve set up our models and relationships, let’s see how we can use the Has Many Through relationship in practice.

$user = User::find(1);

// Get user's roles
$roles = $user->roles;

// Get user's permissions
$permissions = $user->permissions;

In the above code, we retrieve a user instance and then access their roles and permissions using the defined relationships. Laravel handles the underlying SQL queries to retrieve the related data efficiently.


The Has Many Through relationship in Laravel 11 provides a powerful way to define relationships between models, especially in scenarios involving multiple intermediate models. By understanding how to set up models, define relationships, and use them in practice, you can leverage this feature to build more complex and efficient applications.

Remember, practice is key to mastering any new concept in Laravel, so don’t hesitate to experiment with different scenarios and explore the capabilities of the Has Many Through relationship further. Happy coding!